Tuesday, July 31, 2012

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog Special Information

History Czechoslovakian Wolfdog. A wolfdog is a dog with recent wolf heritage. That is, a wolfdog has a pure wolf ancestor within the last five generations. (That would be the wolfdogs great-great-great grandparent). Though many people still use the term "wolf hybrid," this is not an accurate term. A Czechoslovakian Wolfdog 'hybrid' is the offspring of two different species. According to the reclassification of the dog by taxonomists in 1993, the domestic dog is actually viewed as a domestic variant of the gray wolf.

Most people, when they ask this question, want to know the percentage of wolf in the wolfdog –
90%? 50%? 25%? Unless you know the animal‟s heritage for many generations back, there is no
way to tell for sure. People who work with wolfdogs are more concerned with wolf content. This
is usually determined by phenotyping, making an educated guess based on various physical and
behavioral traits. Most of the wolfdogs we see are mixed with German Shepherd Dog, Alaskan Malamute and/or Siberian Husky. People want wolfdogs that look “wolfy,” and these breeds most resemble their wild cousins.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

People actually breed them. There are some ethical, responsible breeders out there. They keep accurate and honest records, are particular about what they breed into their lines, evaluate and educate potential buyers carefully, and take back the animals they sell if they do not work out, for whatever reason. Unfortunately, such breeders are rare. Most of them do not care what type of temperament or health problems may be in their lines, often misrepresent the heritage of the animals, will sell to anyone who shows up with the purchase price and, once the sale is done, that‟s that. If the buyer has a problem or can‟t keep the animal, too bad. And that‟s when the wolfdog ends up in rescue.

Wolfdogs are not wild animals. They are domestic animals with special needs. They were created by humans, and they depend on humans for food and protection, and often for companionship. A person who dumps his wolfdog in the woods, believing it can take care of itself, is sentencing that animal to fear, confusion, loneliness, and a death by starvation, disease, attacks by other animals, or a bullet.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a relatively new breed of dog that traces its original lineage to an experiment conducted in 1955 in Czechoslovakia. After initially breeding 48 working line German Shepherds with 4 Carpathian wolves, a plan was worked out to create a breed that would have the temperament, pack mentality, and trainability of the German Shepherd and the strength, physical build, and stamina of the Carpathian wolf. The breed was engineered to assist with border patrol in Czechoslovakia but were later also used in search and rescue, schutzhund, tracking, herding, agility, obedience, and drafting. It was officially recognized as a national breed in Czechoslovakia in 1982.

Czechoslovakian Wolfdog

The color of the hair is from yellow-grey to silver-grey, with a light mask. The hair is straight, close and very thick. The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog is a typical tenacious canterer; its movement is light and harmonious, its steps are long. It is quick, lively, very active, fearless and courageous. Distinct from the character of Saarlooswolfdog, shyness is a disqualifying fault in the Czechoslovakian Wolfdog.

The Czechoslovakian Wolfdog develops a very strong social relationship not only with their owner, but with the whole family. It can easily learn to live with other domestic animals which belong to the family; however, difficulties can occur in encounters with strange animals. It is vital to subdue the Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs passion for hunting when they are puppies to avoid aggressive behavior towards smaller animals as an adult. The puppy should never be isolated in the kennel; it must be socialized and get used to different surroundings. Female Czechoslovakian Wolfdogs tend to be more easily controllable, but both genders often experience a stormy adolescence.

Croatian Sheepdog Special Breed and Picture

Croatian Sheepdog is of lower medium height. Its base color is black. Short hairs on the head and legs characterize the breed. The body length exceeds the height at the withers for approximately 10%, so the dog is of somewhat elongated square shape. Croatian Sheepdog temperament it is a lithe, keen and modest shepherd's dog, which can easily be trained.

The head Croatian Sheepdog is relatively light, lean and wedge shaped. The ratio between the
muzzle and the skull is 9:11. The total length of the head is about 20 cm. SKULL: Slightly rounded skull tapering towards the nose. The eyebrow arches are not pronounced. The cheeks are rounded. The occiput can be distinct. STOP: Slightly pronounced.

NOSE: Always black and in the line with the nose ridge. MUZZLE: Lean, nose ridge looking from the profile is straight and is a wedge-shaped extension of the skull. The lower jaw is well developed and forms a harmonious whole with line of the nose ridge. The muzzle is neither pointed nor square. TEETH: Good developed, complete scissors bite. Level bite is acceptable but not desirable. LIPS: Dry, close fitting and supple. The visible lip pigment is black. Corner of the mouth is tight. EYES: Chestnut brown to black, medium in size, almond shaped, they give lively expression to the dog, set horizontally. The rims of the eyelids are dark pigmented and tight, fit close to the eyeballs. EARS: Triangular in shape, medium sized, erect or semi-erect, somewhat set to the side. Erect ears are more desirable. Ear cropping is not allowed. NECK: Slightly rises above the back line, the upper and lower lines of the neck are straight. Moderately long, it is of medium strength, deep and well rounded, muscular. The skin is without dewlap and is covered with a dense coat.

Croatian Sheepdog Breed

WITHERS: Not pronounced. The transition to the neck is gradual. BACK: Straight, short and muscular. LOIN: Short and firmly coupled. CHEST: Medium long, broad and deep enough. Ribs sprung, forechest slightly pronounced. The transition to the neck is in a straight line. BELLY: Slightly tucked-up. The loins are full and sturdy. CROUP: Medium long, slightly sloping down, muscular and fairly broad. TAIL: Set medium high, with thick and long hairs, in repose hangs relaxed or is carried at back level. In attention it is carried above the back line. There are dogs born without or with short tail, or the tail is docked so that in an adult male it is about 4 cm long.

FOREQUARTERS: The legs are straight, parallel looking from front and of medium length. Angulation of the front legs is more opened, the dog stands steeper. Shoulder blades are medium long and muscular, somewhat set steeper. The upper arm is relatively short. The forearm is long and muscular. Bones are lighter. Pasterns dry, indistinct, short and not completely vertical. The feet are small, strong, semi rabbit-like. The toes are well knitted, well and firmly cushioned. The nails are black or gray.

Croatian Sheepdog breeders

The hind legs are medium-angulated. From behind, the legs are parallel. The lower thigh is long and the hock is set lower. The upper thigh is of medium width, well muscled. The hocks are dry and distinct, well angulated. Hind feet are the same as the front ones, small and sturdy though somewhat elongated. Dewclaws are removed.

he Croatian Sheepdog moves in briskly trot with moderately long steps.

TEXTURE: The length of hair on the back is between 7 and 14 cm. The foreface is always shorthaired. The ears are shorthaired on the outside and longhaired on the inside. The backside of the forelegs has longer hairs down to pastern and forms feathering. The hind legs have pronounced feathering from the buttocks to the hocks. The coat is relatively soft, wavy to curly, but mustn't be woolly. The undercoat must be dense. COLOR: The base color of the coat is black. A few white hairs can be tolerated. White markings on the head, body and tail aren't permissible, but small white markings are permissible on the throat and the forechest. White markings on the toes or the legs are permissible but undesirable. White legs up to pasterns lower the dog's marks on shows.

Croatian Sheepdog

Height at withers in males and females is between 40 to 50 cm.

Any departure from the foregoing points must be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. Any other color of the nose than black. Two or more first premolars (PM1) missing. Over - or undershot jaws. Yellow or albino eyes. Drooping ears. Completely woolly or too long coat. Longer hairs on foreface. White markings on head, body or tail. Height at the withers below or over the one in Standard.

Monday, July 30, 2012

Croatian Sheepdog Special Information

The Croatian Sheepdog is a very old working breed from the Balkans, believed by some to had accompanied proto-Croats on their supposed journey from Afghanistan to Europe, but this theory has yet to be proven. A number of enthusiasts trace the Croatian Sheepdog to the Greek Alopekis, while others link this energetic little worker directly to the black Asian wolves. It should be noted that many other theories concerning this breed's ancestry exist, from it being a descendant of the Hungarian Mudi to the Croatian Sheepdog actually being Mudi's ancestor, as well as the progenitor of most European herders and spitz dogs.

Most of these claims are made by the overly-zealous fanciers in Croatia and are generally disregarded as nationalist fantasies, designed to distance the breed from its true heritage, which is firmly rooted in the ancient Serbian working dog known as the Pulin.

Croatian Sheepdog

Being a variety of the old Pulin, the breed presently recognized as the Croatian Sheepdog is in fact older than the Hungarian Mudi and could be considered to be one of its indirect ancestors, but it has also been influenced by Mudi's blood periodically. One of the most celebrated working dogs of the area, the Croatian Sheepdog has remained virtually unchanged since the 1300's, when it was considered to simply be a Slavonian variety of the Serbian Pulin breed, belonging to a specific type of the greater Pannonian Herder population.

By the 18th century, the Slavonian Pulin could be found all over Slavonia, northern Bosnia, Serbia and parts of Croatia and Istria, where it finally became known as the Croatian Pulin, although other names remained in use well into the 1900's, such as the Panonski Svinjar, Brodski Bujdar, Slavonski Ovcar, Pujdar, Ravnicarski Govedar and others. Although existing in a few types, the Croatian Sheepdog is
a remarkably uniformed breed in terms of overall recognizable appearance, but more importantly in its personality traits and working qualities.

Croatian Sheepdog

This rugged dog has traditionally been used to herd, control and protect pigs, cows, sheep, goats and other farm animals, including ducks and geese, as well as occasionally being employed as capable small game hunter, described as terrier-like in personality. Prized for its courage and resilience, but also its handsome appearance, the Croatian Sheepdog was gaining popularity during the first two decades of the 20th century as a superb watchdog and good companion in its homeland, resulting in a dedicated effort to select the best representatives of the breed form around the country and start a strict breeding programme which would eventually lead to proper standardization and recognition.

The most prized bloodlines have traditionally been from the areas of Djakovo and Slavonski Brod, but other strains were used in this historic breeding, too. From the beginning of the programme in the mid 1930's to the breed's first appearance at a Dog Show in 1949, the fanciers of the Croatian Sheepdog were successful in establishing the breed type and in the 1950's the Standard was written, with the breed initially bearing the name Ravnicarski Ovcar, before finally being officially recognized by the FCI in 1969 as the Hrvatski Ovcar.

Croatian Sheepdog

Brave, intelligent and alert, the Croatian Sheepdog is a trainable and affectionate family pet, but also an impressive property guardian and livestock herding dog. This is a tough, feisty and athletic little dog, ideally suited for Agility trials. Early socialization is important to keep its strong territorial nature and somewhat unfriendly attitude towards strange dogs under control. The Hrvatski Ovcar is a fairly light, but well-boned, muscular and strongly built breed, with sturdy legs, powerful neck, deep chest and broad shoulders.

Although the breed has been standardized, there are still different types to be found within the working population, where the dog's physical appearance isn't as important as it is for Show dogs, so some examples that are heavier or taller than preferred by the Standard can be encountered. The Croatian Sheepdog has fox-like facial features and small erect ears, but specimens with semi-pricked or even drop-ears could be found up until the late 1980's, but they're fairly rare today.

The great majority of the dogs are born with either short tails or fully bobtailed, but many examples have full-length tails, which are usually docked for work. The coat is very dense and harsh, flat on the face, but coarse and curly on the body, although wavy-coated dogs exist, as well as some flat-coated representatives. Although oddly coloured dogs are sometimes seen, such as black-n-tan, black-n-white, brown, cream and white examples, the only accepted colouring for the Hrvatski Ovcar is uniform black, with minimal white markings allowed on the feet and chest. Average height is around 18 inches, but taller specimens exist.

Coton de Tulear Information and Pictures

Coton de Tulear

Coton de Tulear

 The Coton de Tulear, also known as the Royal Dog of Madagascar, was first recognised in 1990 but he has existed in his native Madagascar, particularly on the island of Tula, for several hundred years. Although very few have been exported from Madagascar, the breed is becoming more popular in the USA, Europe and the UK. Primarily a household companion, he is loyal and friendly, as well as intelligent. He has the advantage of not shedding his distinctively textured coat. Though he is usually all white in colour, his ears may be lemon or grey in colour.

Health Coton de Tulear
You may be aware that some breeds of dog (and crossbreeds too) can be susceptible to inherited disease. Of course you want to be sure that the dog you choose is as healthy as possible, and you would like to know that it has not inherited any undesirable disease-causing genes from its parents. There is some help in that DNA tests for diseases in purebred dogs are available for some conditions in some breeds, but there are not very many such tests just yet! There are also, however, a number of clinical veterinary screening schemes that dog breeders can use to increase the probability of producing healthy puppies.

Coton de Tulear
Coton de Tulear

Potential dog owners should be aware that, at present, the application of various health screening results to breeding programmes is not always straightforward, and breeders may make choices for various reasons. A responsible breeder though, will always be willing to discuss relevant health issues with you. Breed clubs are often useful sources of breedspecific information.

There are not currently any veterinary screening schemes or DNA tests for disease relevant to this breed under the Assured Breeder Scheme, however you should still ask breeders and refer to breed clubs about health issues in the breed.

Friday, July 6, 2012

History Bull Baiting in European

In ancient Rome, bullbaiting dogs performed in the arenas, fighting lions, bears, elephants and hence the name bulls. These dogs mostly came from Great Britain, at that time occupied by the Romans. The Roman conquerors were introduced to these dogs that seemed to be even braver than their own dogs at home, the Molossians. Roman documents enthusiastically report on these English fighting dogs, capable of breaking the neck of a full-grown bull. In 1578, the Flemish painter Jan van der Straet (1523-1605), better known under the fashionable name of Giovanni Stradanus, depicted armed men sitting on horseback, trying to overwhelm bulls with their lances. Seven fighting dogs can be seen on the engraving as well; one of them has already forced the bull to his knees. It’s quite a bloodthirsty scene that shows bullbaiting dogs were not unknown in the Low Countries during the 16th century.

There are records of bullbaiting dogs in ancient England. As early as during the reign of King John (1199-1216) a writer reported a fight for a cow between two bulls. The fight took place in the neighbourhood of Stamford Castle; William, Earl of Warren, gave the eyewitness account. He wrote, “Suddenly some big and small butchers’ dogs joined the bulls in the fight en one of the bulls was pursued throughout the city”. Obviously, the Earl was enchanted by the chase, because he organized an annual bull-chasing and bullbaiting event six weeks before Christmas. The local butchers provided the bull. Why? Well, in exchange, the butchers’ cows were allowed to graze on the meadows around the castle belonging to the Earl. By the Middle Ages, dogs were being used to provoke cattle. One reason was to provide a kind of public amusement, the other reason - seen through our eyes - is absolutely ridiculous. It was believed that beef tasted better and was more tender if the cattle have been provoked shortly before being slaughtered. With this in mind, butchers kept big dogs “butcher’s dogs”.

The English painter Henry Thomas Alken (1785-1821) engraved several prints depicting this kind of ‘sport’. Usually the bull was tied with a rope or chain; sometimes he was mutilated to make the dogs as bloodthirsty as possible. Even the well-known English painter Sir Edwin Landseer (1802-1873) could not resist drawing scenes with bulls and bullbaiting dogs. A drawing from 1821 shows a bull fight with as many as six dogs; one has been tossed on the bull’s horns and flies through the air. During such fights, the bull was often grabbed by his sore nose; victory was complete when the giant of a bull was knocked down.

Back to the European Continent. Hans von Flemming gave us a detailed report of bullbaiting and bullbaiting dogs in his book Der volkommene Teutsche Jäger (The Complete German Sportsmen), published in 1719. About the Bollbeiszer (bullbaiting dog) Von Flemming wrote: “They are medium sized dogs but heavy in bone. Their chest is wide, the head is short and broad and has a short, sloping nose. They have erect pointed ears and a double bite. That’s way they can hold on so strongly. Their movement is ponderous, but they are strong, heavy and well-fleshed. Apart from the big ‘Danziger Bollbeisser’ (bullbaiting dog from Danzig), another type exists in Brabant (a province in the Low Countries). They are also medium sized but most of the time a little smaller than the Danziger. Their limbs are the same and they also are heavily built. 

These dogs are called ‘Brabanter Bullebijters’ (bullbaiting dogs from Brabant). In case of lack of bears these dogs are trained to chase and attack bulls and bullocks, however these sport is more suitable for butchers than for hunters.” Obviously Hans von Flemming had visited the Low Countries, because he continues: “In Brabant I have seen a bull chased by dogs. He was fettered on a long chain while attacked by this type of dogs. They grasped him on the nose and throat, while he was running around in circles. These dogs are also used as watch dogs and bandogs. The very fact looking so ugly makes them appropriate watch dogs. Usually they have a short nose with a black mask and the lower jaw pulls forward. Usually the colour is yellow or brindle. They look vicious and seem to be malicious.” A drawing in Von Flemming’s book is captioned ‘Niederländischer Bollbeisser’ (Dutch bullbaiting dog). In dog literature, ‘bearbaiting dog’ and ‘bullbaiting dog’ were used interchangeably. The explanation is simple: the bullbaiting dog was also used for hunting bears and wild boars.

Cordoba Fighting Dog

Cordoba Fighting Dog. The name, place of origin and job of this dog are immediately clear. “Córdoba” does not refer to the city in Spain, but to Córdoba in Argentina, a large city and district northwest of Buenos Aires. At the beginning of the 20th Century dog fights were still very popular in Latin America. A lot of gambling money was involved, the earnings exceeding those from the cock-fights. The names of the winning dogs and their owners were proudly published. According to the present standards, dogfighting is a most objectionable ‘sport’, but in earlier times it was a fully accepted public amusement, especially for farmers and cattle breeders. Dogfighting was an inheritance of the Spanish Conquistadores; the roots of the Old fighting dog of Córdoba can be found in the Spanish Alano and the ancestors of the present Perro de Presa Mallorquin that the conquistadores took with them to their new country. In the 19th Century, during the second wave of immigration, Bulldogs, Terriers and Boxers were imported to Argentina. It is generally assumed that the Old fighting dog of Córdoba was gradually created out of intentional crossbreeding of these ancient Spanish and modern European dogs.

This race comes from the province of Cordoba, which is located in the central area of Argentina. Its creator was Dr. Antonio Nores Martinez, a famous doctor and member of the traditional local family. In 1928, his passion for dogs, and probably the family heritage, they sent him to lay the foundation and setting the standards for a new race, which he called Dogo Argentino. His work is based on methodical bioje crossing several pure breeds with the old fighting dog from Cordoba, who was very strong and energetic, but lacked psychic and genetic stability. This local race, the product of crossing the Mastiff, Bulldog and Bull Terrier, was widely known and appreciated by the fire from dogs to fight, at that time a very popular activity that involved all social classes.

Following a thorough and careful selection and study of character, through different generations, Dr. Nores Martinez was receiving the first family achieve your goal. In the beginning it was generally accepted as a dog fight, however, love to hunt Dr. Nores Martinez took the dogs in one of his regular hunting expeditions, where a new breed demonstrated its skills and became a key figure in all his trips.In this way, it soon became an exceptional hunting dog. Over time, the power of adjustment provided him with great versatility and has turned it into a noble companion, faithful, nenadmašnog zašitnika.

Cordoba Fighting Dog

His strength, endurance, keen sense of smell and bravery make it the best dog among those used in hunting wild boar, Peker (quadruped animals like pigs), pumas and other predators which can be found in the vast and heterogeneous areas of the Argentine territory. Its harmony, balance and excellent athletic muscles are ideal characteristics for persistence in long voyages of various weather conditions, which follows the intrepid battle with the persecuted prey. 21st May 1964th This race is recognized by Cynological Federation of Argentina and the Argentine Rural Society, and registered in the records of the origin of dogs. Only the 31.jula1973. accepted by the International Federation of Kennel Association as the first and only Argentinean breed, thanks to the work and effort of Dr. Augustin Nores Martinez, its creator and successors.

Cordoba Fighting Dog

Chinook Dog Grooming and Temperament

Chinook Dog owners recommend brushing the dogs on a daily bases to keep shedding under control. They also recommend bathing the dogs only once or twice per year, or on an as-needed basis. A Chinook’s nails can be thick and grow very fast and you may need to trim them on a weekly basis. Other grooming requirements (such as ears, skin, paws, and teeth) are the same as other breeds. Moderate daily exercise is required to maintain the health and happiness of a Chinook dog. 

This can include running, walking, or working the dog and should actively involve the human companion. Ideally, and after you have trained recall, exercise will include off-leash activity several times per week so the dog is able to run at its own pace. Chinook dogs are not natural water or retriever dogs. While some Chinooks will enjoy the water or playing fetch, these activities may have to be taught to this breed. As long as the Chinook Dog is regularly exercised, it can live in an apartment or a house. As with any dog, your companion should be incorporated into the household activities and not left in backyard or live on a chain in isolation. Due to a Chinook’s sensitive and loyal nature, it thrives with consistent and regular human interaction.

Chinook Dog

The ideal Chinook dog is not aggressive to people or other dogs, and is calm, affectionate and friendly with both children, strangers (including unknown children), other household pets, and even livestock. These dogs can naturally be shy, reserved, or employ caution around strangers and in unfamiliar environments, but should remain friendly towards them regardless. Excessive reservation can be avoided by early socialization with other people, and shyness should never turn into any form of aggression. As such, Chinook dogs are not protection dogs: they may alert you to the presence of a stranger, but are not known to deter strangers from their territory. Some Chinooks love to dig holes to either lie or play in, and is not typically used as a method of escape. Digging is a natural trait for some dogs of this breed that is difficult or impossible to deter completely.

Chinook Dog

Chinook dogs are bred to be workers and team players, historically this trait was used to pull a sled to a given destination. Some breed experts say that male Chinook dogs tend to be more affectionate than females, who are known to be somewhat independent. Chinook dogs are not known to bark a lot, and some are said to make other kinds of noises such as whining or wooing. This breed tends to closely bond with its family, and will want to join you wherever you go. Because of this, they typically have excellent recall and are dependable off-leash. However, despite this close bond, a Chinook is able to entertain himself when left at home for awhile.

Chinooks are smart dogs who are adaptable, and easy to train using clear, consistent, confident, and positive training methods and leadership. Harsh techniques do not work well with the Chinook, as these dogs can be sensitive in nature or can become “strong willed” with placating owners.

Chinook Dog